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currency: Forint (HUF)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
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Coat of arms
Hungary profile

strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin;

the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions
Hungary history
Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe.

The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I.

The country fell under Communist rule following World War II.

In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow.

Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism."

Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy.

It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later.

In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.
interesting Hungary facts
Conventional long form: none

Conventional short form: Hungary

Local long form: none

Local short form: Magyarorszag
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Hungary's capital city is Budapest
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Hungary Constitution:

25 April 2011, effective 1 January 2012
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Hungary population growth rate: -0.184%
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Hungary highest point: Kekes 1,014 m
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Hungary lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
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About 47% of Hungary's land is arable.
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Tisza River is the Longest River in Hungary
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Hungary birth rate is 9 births/1,000 population
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Hungary infant mortality rate is 5 deaths/1,000 live births
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Hungary fertility rate is 1.41 children born/woman
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Hungary climate:


cold, cloudy, humid winters;

warm summers
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Top 10 cities of Hungary with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Budapest: 1,696,128
2. Debrecen: 204,124
3. Miskolc: 172,637
4. Szeged: 164,883
5. Pécs: 156,649
6. Győr: 128,265
7. Nyíregyháza: 116,298
8. Kecskemét: 109,847
9. Székesfehérvár: 109,600
10. Szombathely: 179,534
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Hungary ethnic groups:

Hungarian - 92.3%

Roma - 1.9%

other or unknown - 5.8%
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Hungary Exports:

machinery and equipment - 53.5%

other manufactures - 31.2%

food products - 8.7%

raw materials - 3.4%

fuels and electricity - 3.9%
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Hungary Imports:

machinery and equipment - 45.4%

other manufactures - 34.3%

fuels and electricity - 12.6%

food products - 5.3%

raw materials - 2.5%
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unicameral National Assembly or Orszaggyules (386 seats; members elected by popular vote under a system of proportional and direct representation to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
19 counties (megyek, singular - megye):

1. Bacs-Kiskun
2. Baranya
3. Bekes
4. Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen
5. Csongrad
6. Fejer
7. Gyor-Moson-Sopron
8. Hajdu-Bihar
9. Heves
10. Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok
11. Komarom-Esztergom
12. Nograd
13. Pest
14. Somogy
15. Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg
16. Tolna
17. Vas
18. Veszprem
19. Zala

23 urban counties (singular - megyei varos):

1. Bekescsaba
2. Debrecen
3. Dunaujvaros
4. Eger
5. Erd
6. Gyor
7. Hodmezovasarhely
8. Kaposvar
9. Kecskemet
10. Miskolc
11. Nagykanizsa
12. Nyiregyhaza
13. Pecs
14. Salgotarjan
15. Sopron
16. Szeged
17. Szekesfehervar
18. Szekszard
19. Szolnok
20. Szombathely
21. Tatabanya
22. Veszprem
23. Zalaegerszeg

and 1 capital city (fovaros):

1. Budapest
Political parties and leaders:
Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP) - Zsolt SEMJEN

Democratic Coalition - Ferenc GYURCSANY

Dialogue for Hungary - Benedek JAVOR, Timea SZABO, co-chairs

Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Alliance (Fidesz) - Viktor ORBAN, chairman

Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) - Attila MESTERHAZY

Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) - Gabor VONA

Politics Can Be Different (LMP) - 13-member leadership; some positions currently vacant